Giovanni Battista Traverso, an Italian mineralogist and mining engineer, was born in Genoa, Italy in 1843. He studied geology and mineralogy at the La Reale School of Technical Engineering in Torino, under B. Gastaldi, and finished his studies in 1870 at the École des Mines in Paris. In 1871 Traverso began his career as a mining engineer in Sardinia, first as director and then as inspector general of the mines of the Lanusei Company. He formed a small collection of Sardinian specimens, some of which he later donated to the Museo di Alba.
Traverso became involved for a time in archeology, and published several major studies (in 1898-1909) regarding Neolithic artifacts, while building a substantial personal collection of over 300 such objects (which he later donated to the Museo Preistorico Etnografico Kircheriano in Rome).
Among his mineralogical publications were a book on Antimony published in 1897; an article on the minerals of Sarrabus in 1898; an article in 1901 on scheelite from the Su Suergiu mine near Villa Salto in Sardinia, published in Zeitschrift Für Kristallographie un Mineralogie; and an article on the mineralogy of several mines in Algeria and Tunisia (1903).
The last years of his life were spent in Genoa, where he donated his remaining collections to the Museo Civico in Genoa, including specimens he had collected in the silver mines of the Sardinia. He died in Genoa on June 1, 1914. His son of the same name (1878-1959) became a prominent criminal psychologist.
PADOVAN, S. (2007) Giovanni Battista Traverso (1843 - 1914). Poster session presentation, Colligite Fragmenta.
TRAVERSO, G.B. (1898-1909) Stazione neolitica di Alba, Alba, I (1898), II (1901), III (1909).
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Biographical Archive, at www.mineralogicalrecord.com.]
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||Label for a specimen Traverso collected at Sarrabus, Sardinia.|